Ugeskr Læger 2017;179:V05170384
Treatment of anal fissures
Anal fissure is a common ailment, however, the pathophysiology and optimal treatment strategy is unclear. Anal fissures may be classified as acute or chronic. Acute fissures are effectively treated and prevented with conservative measures, whereas chronic fissures typically require medical or surgical therapy. Invasive interventions have superior healing rates compared with local medical therapies, but may cause persistent incontinence. New interventions are constantly introduced and may be of value in patients with high risk of incontinence, but more evidence is currently needed.