Niklas Schurmann Hansen, Lars Toft Nielsen & Steffen Leth:
Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome originating from a split skin transplant
Ugeskr Læger 2019;181:V08180580
Toxic shock syndrome is a rare disease caused by Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. These bacteria are able to produce a variety of exotoxins, including superantigens, which causes a cytokine storm and induces a shock condition. This is a case report of S. aureus toxic shock syndrome originating from a split skin transplant in a 75-year-old man, who met all clinical and laboratory criteria including development of rash, conjunctival hyperaemia and desquamation of the skin. After treatment with antibiotics, immunoglobulins and supportive treatment, the disease dissolved.