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Anafylaksi

Anafylaksi diagnosticeres ved akut indsættende symptomer fra huden (urticaria/flushing) kombineret med livstruende symptomer fra luftveje (stridor), vejrtrækningproblemer (hypoksi) og/eller kredsløbssymptomer (hypotension).
Forfatter(e)
Hans-Jørgen Malling, Kirsten Skamstrup Hansen & Lene Heise Garvey Dansk AllergiCenter Region Hovedstaden, Klinik for Allergi, Gentofte Hospital Ugeskr Læger 2014;176:V12130730
Reference: 
Ugeskr Læger 201;176:V12130730
Blad nummer: 
Sidetal: 
966-970
Anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis is a potentially life-threatening systemic allergic reaction involving several organ systems. Recognition of the reaction leading to prompt treatment is essential for a good outcome. The lifesaving treatment is intramuscular injection of adrenaline (0.3-0.5 mg for adults and children > 40 kg, 0.3 mg for children 20-40 kg and 0.15 mg for infants < 20 kg). The patient must be placed on the back with elevated lower extremities to improve cerebral and cardiac circulation. High dose oxygen and crystalloid fluid load are needed to improve oxygenation and cardiac output.
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