Ugeskr Læger 2017;179:V02170156
Antithrombotic treatment of patients with valvular atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a markedly increased risk of thromboembolic events, particularly in patients with valvular AF. Recent trials comparing vitamin K antagonists with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention in AF excluded most patients with valvular AF. Although the definition of valvular AF is disputed, the lack of evidence regarding the use of NOACs for these patients is not. We discuss the definition of valvular AF, the risk of thromboembolism, and the antithrombotic treatment for stroke prevention in these patients.