Ugeskr Læger 2017;179:V12160866
The current global tuberculosis state
Despite an increase in the total number of tuberculosis (TB) patients globally, positive trends in reduction of prevalence and mortality are observed. However, high numbers of drug-resistant cases are threatening this trend. Multidrug-resistant and extensively resistant cases constitute an increasing challenge in many parts of the world also within the European region – especially in former Sovjet Republic nations. Point-of-care test systems potentially replacing microscopy and urine antigen detection systems are currently launched in many TB-high endemic countries and improving TB detection rates. However, the effect on key indicators like mortality is still waiting to break through.