Ted Carl Kejlberg Andelius, Kasper Jacobsen Kyng, Christian Heiring &
Tine Brink Henriksen
Ugeskr Læger 2020;182:V12190704
Hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy is a common cause of death and disability in newborns. Brain damage related to a perinatal insult is the result of a dynamic process, and its progressing development over time allows for specific interventions to reduce total damage, as described in this review. Despite therapeutic hypothermia which currently is the only treatment available, a considerable number of newborns still have adverse outcomes. Prognosis is evaluated by clinical examination and paraclinical investigations. There is still a need for novel treatments and better prognostic and diagnostic tools to improve outcome.