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Alexander Fjaeldstad1, 2, 3, 4, Henrique Fernandes1, 5, Jens Randel Nyengaard6 & Therese Ovesen1, 2, 5

1) Flavour Institute, Aarhus Universitet 2) Flavour Klinikken, Øre-Næse-Halsafdelingen, Regionalhospitalet Holstebro, Hospitalsenhed Vest 3) Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, University of Oxford 4) Karkirurgisk Afdeling, Regionshospitalet Viborg 5) Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus Universitet 6) Institut for Klinisk Medicin – Center for Molekylær Morfologi, Sektion for Stereologi og Mikroskopi, Center for Stochastic Geometry and Advanced Bioimaging, Aarhus Universitet Ugeskr Læger 2018;180:V08170627

Ugeskr Læger 2018;180:V08170627
Blad nummer: 
The sense of taste in a clinical setting

As a gatekeeper, taste buds forage chemical to identify both nutrition and toxins. This can be the decisive difference between initiating the swallow reflex or spitting out the oral contents. In addition to this simple function the sense of taste takes part in more complex relations such as reflexes vs learning, perception vs expectation, and pleasure vs disgust. All relations, which can be perturbed into unbalance, create great discomfort in patients suffering from a dysfunctional sense of taste. This review discusses the most important mechanisms of taste function and dysfunction as well as the possible avenues for treatment of the disorders.

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