Many medical, neurologic and psychiatric conditions as well as drugs can give chronic dizziness, and a systematic diagnostic workup is essential. Chronic vestibular syndrome is a clinical syndrome of chronic vertigo, dizziness or unsteadiness lasting months to years. There is generally a persistent unilateral or bilateral vestibular loss. Treatment depends on the aetiology, but in general, treatment with vestibular rehabilitation is effective, which is summarised in this review. Betahistin or other anti-vertigo-drugs are not indicated in the treatment of chronic vertigo.