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Ekstrakorporal membranoxygenering i behandlingen af akut lungesvigt hos voksne

Ved veno-venøs ekstrakorporal membranoxygenering pumpes venøst blod ud via et kateter i vena femoralis, hvorefter det iltes, og CO2 udluftes. Illustrationen er bragt med tilladelse fra Maquet Nordic, www.maguet.com.
Forfatter(e)
Charles Marinus Pedersen, Reinhold Jensen & Christian Lindskov Operation og Intensiv Øst, Aarhus Universitetshospital Ugeskr Læger 2016;178:V01160008
Reference: 
Ugeskr Læger 2016;178:V01160008
Blad nummer: 
Sidetal: 
2-5
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for treatment of acute respiratory failure in adults
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can support gas exchange independently of mechanical ventilation in patients with severe acute respiratory failure. Veno-venous ECMO is a temporary technique for providing life support by pulmonary dysfunction. ECMO should be considered for patients with respiratory failure when they cannot survive with conventional therapy. ECMO may be used either as a rescue therapy or to prevent ventilator-associated lung injury. Exact criteria for ECMO are not available. Transportation while using ECMO is safe when a team from the management centre provides it.
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