Er der grund til observation af traumepatienter, hvis den primære undersøgelse er uden abnorme fund?
Ugeskr Læger 2008;170(25):2225-2227
Summary Is observation of trauma patients necessary if no significant injury is detected during primary evaluation? Ugeskr Læger 2008;170(25):2225-2227 Introduction: Trauma patients are usually admitted for clinical observation for various periods, even without the discovery of significant injuries after the primary evaluation. The necessity of this is not evidence based. The aim was to evaluate whether patients developed complications from undiagnosed injuries during the observation period. Materials and methods: A retrospective study on trauma patients who were directly admitted to a level 1 trauma center in Copenhagen during 2004. Patients without any significant injury discovered after a standardized primary evaluation were included. Data were retrieved from the patients' medical records and the hospital patient administration system. Results: 304 patients met the inclusion criteria. Four patients (1.3%) developed complications during the observation period, and were admitted in the relevant wards for further treatment. In one patient a duodenal ulcer was diagnosed. The patient died later following GI-surgery. The three other patients were discharged 1-6 days after the time of injury. None in the total patient population were readmitted to any other hospital in Denmark as a consequence of the trauma during the following 30 days. The average length of observation was 10.5 hours. Conclusion: Observation of trauma patients did not seem to be necessary if no significant injury is detected during primary evaluation as only one patient out of 304 developed symptoms from undiagnosed injury.