Ugeskr Læger 2015;177:V03150241
The fasting regime prior to anaesthesia
In modern anaesthesiology fasting preoperatively has been introduced in order to minimize the incidence of aspiration to the lungs. Since the 1990’s studies have confirmed the safety of the current fasting regime of six hours for solids and two hours for fluids. By allowing the intake of carbohydrate-rich fluids until two hours before induction of anaesthesia, it has been shown that the negative effects of fasting such as thirst, starvation and anxiety are minimised. In the future, ultrasound technology might be used to assess the gastric volume prior to induction of anaesthesia.