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Forebyggelse og behandling af stråleterapiinduceret kvalme og opkastning

Forfatter(e)
Christina Ruhlmann1, Peter Clausager Petersen2 & Jørn Herrstedt3, 4 1) Onkologisk Afdeling, Odense
Universitetshospital2) Onkologisk Klinik, Rigshospitalet3) Klinisk Onkologisk Afdeling, Sjællands Universitetshospital, Roskilde4) Institut for Klinisk Medicin, Det Sundhedsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet

Ugeskr Læger 2019;181:V02190116
Reference: 
Ugeskr Læger 2019;181:V02190116
Sidetal: 

Christina Ruhlmann, Peter Clausager Petersen &
Jørn Herrstedt:

Prophylaxis and treatment of radiation-induced nausea and vomiting

Ugeskr Læger 2019;181:V02190116

This review summarizes the current knowledge of radiation-induced nausea and vomiting (RINV), which occurs in approximately 50% of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Poor control of the symptoms may result in dehydration and electrolyte disturbances leading to delay or even disruption of the planned schedule, which in turn results in decreased disease control. Patients report RINV as distressing symptoms, and under-treatment is a major problem. Evidence-based antiemetic guidelines have been developed, but lack of adherence is a barrier to improvement of symptom control and quality of life during radiotherapy.

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