Nils T. Milman, Frank V. Schiødt, Anders E. Junker,
Karin Magnussen, Torben Nathan & Thomas Damgaard Sandahl:
Ugeskr Læger 2018;180:V09180619
HFE-haemochromatosis is the most frequent genetic disposition for iron overload in ethnic Danes: 20,000 persons are homozygous for the C282Y mutation. The disorder has a long preclinical phase with increasing body iron overload, and 30% of males will develop clinically overt disease, presenting with symptoms of fatigue, arthralgias, reduced libido, erectile dysfunction, cardiac disease, diabetes and liver disease, later progressing into cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, pancreatic fibrosis and osteoporosis. Treatment consists of phlebotomies, which in the preclinical and early clinical phases ensure normal survival.