Casper Grønlund, Asher Lou Isenberg, Mette Lindelof & Bjarki Ditlev Djurhuus:
HINTS for diagnosing acute dizzy patients
Ugeskr Læger 2019;181:V04190251
Acute vestibular syndrome (AVS) is an acute-onset of continuous vertigo with no other neurological deficits. AVS is most often of peripheral origin – vestibular organ or nerve. However, in some cases AVS is caused by a posterior circulation stroke (PCS). Head impulse, nystagmus and test of skew (HINTS) can be used to differentiate peripheral causes of AVS from central causes. Within the first 48 hours after onset of symptoms, HINTS has a higher sensitivity of detecting PCS (96-100%) than an MRI (72-87%). We recommend using HINTS for acute dizzy patients.