Susanne K. Rysgaard Andersen & Frank Østergaard Hansen:
Volatile anaesthetics can be used for sedation in mechanical ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Anaestetic Conserving Device allows sevoflurane to be vaporised using a critical care ventilator. When comparing inhaled volatile sedation with intravenous sedation it shows, that there is a shorter time to wake-up, reduced extubation time and shorter stay in the ICU, and this is underlined in this review. The treatment is globally used in hospitals, in Denmark it is new. Sevoflurane has some properties, which may be useful in the therapy of some diseases, for example acute respiratory distress syndrome and bronchospasm.