Ugeskr Læger 2014;176:V01140077
Lung cavities caused by Nocardia cyriacigeorgica in an immunosuppressed boy
The identification of nodules and/or cavitations in the chest X-ray of a chronically or acute ill patient will rise the suspicion of tuberculosis. However, it is important to be aware of pulmonary nocardiosis as a rare but important differential diagnosis, especially in case of no hilar adenitis. In this case report, we describe a six-year-old boy receiving prednisolone due to nephrotic syndrome, who developed pneumothorax because of pulmonal nocardiosis. The prognosis is good in case of early diagnosis and antibiotic treatment.