Ugeskr Læger 2016;178:V06160418
Medical therapy versus bariatric surgery of obese patients with Type 2 diabetes
Bariatric surgery induces large and sustainable weight loss in obese patients and improves glycaemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Eleven randomized controlled trials have shown superior glycaemic outcomes after bariatric procedures vs medical therapy/intensive lifestyle interventions in obese patients with Type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, many patients experience remission of Type 2 diabetes after surgery but relapse may occur during follow-up. Data from observational studies show reduced incidence of micro- and macrovascular complications in addition to reduced cardiovascular and total mortality after surgery.