Ugeskr Læger 2020;182:V05190328
Mathilde Ørbæk, Anna Sophie L. Kjær, Henrik V. Nielsen, Morten Lebech, Terese Katzenstein & Anne-Mette Lebech:
Primary infection with Toxoplasma gondii in pregnant women can lead to vertical transmission of the parasites resulting in congenital toxoplasmosis. The frequency of foetal infection increases with gestational age at maternal infection, but the risk of developing clinical sequelae decreases. Data on antiparasitic treatment suggest, that maternal treatment reduces the risk of serious neurological sequelae or death in congenitally infected offspring. Aspects of diagnosis and antimicrobial treatment of T. gondii infection during pregnancy are summarised in this review.