Malthe Frederik Franch Andersen, Jørgen Kurtzhals, Helle Broholm & Bue Fogh Juvik:
Overlooked deadly infection with Coccidioides immitis
Ugeskr Læger 2020;182:V11190661
Coccidioides immitis is a dimorphic fungus endemic to the southwestern North America and Central America. Infection is acquired through inhalation of soil containing spores. This case report describes a case of C. immitis lung abscess and meningoencephalitis in an otherwise healthy 65-year-old woman, who had been on vacation in California. She passed away after three months of medical investigations and treatments, and not until after her death was the diagnosis C. immitis made through a polymerase chain reaction testing of her cerebrospinal fluid. Knowledge of the disease, including proper diagnosis and treatment, is important, also for physicians in non-endemic areas.