Abbas Ali Qayyum, Francis Richard Joshi, Lisbeth Drozd Lund, Rebekka Harary Søndergaard & Jens Kastrup
Ugeskr Læger 2020;182:V05200344
Atherosclerosis of coronary arteries can result in a hypoxic state where myocardial cells may become dysfunctional or die. The oxygen sensing transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor 1 responds to low oxygen levels by elevating the production of angiogenic growth factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Despite this, endogenous processes and conventional therapies are inefficient in some patients. To stimulate angiogenesis, VEGF has been injected into the myocardium. As stated in this review, this therapy has so far been proven safe and studies are conducted in several countries, including Denmark.